INCREDIBLE GUIDE TO EXTREME WEATHER

Extreme weather is a rare phenomenon and includes heat and cold waves, precipitation, snowstorms, wind amongst other phenomenon. These events are so rare that they only occur 5% of the time*. Scientific research shows that as the world’s climate changes from numerous causes so does the occurrence and severity of extreme weather. These conditions which occur rarely significantly impact both the environment and the lives of people.

With global warming and other climatic changes frequencies occurring in the world it appears that extreme weather occurrences are increasing. The science behind climate is such that the effects of extreme weather in one country actually end up affecting the weather in other countries. Temperatures are increasing in hot countries and decreasing in the colder regions. The strength of storms in tropical regions is getting worse causing floods in some areas and resulting in droughts in other. Weather will always be unpredictable and with extreme weather is becoming more dangerous overtime.

*Extreme Weather: All about extreme weather from Wikipedia including different types, figures and numbers.

Extreme Weather Conditions
Extreme weather does not have an exact definition since it is explained as extreme weather situations in different geological areas. What may be considered a normal day in summer for an African country will almost likely fall under extreme weather for a European country.
Different forms of extreme weather and their catastrophic results which have recently been experienced by many countries are shown below. It is important to remember that to be categorized as extreme weather conditions these either have to occur out of season or in an area where they are normally not present.
Tropical storms
Floods and droughts
Heat and cold waves
Thunderstorms, hail, lightening
Tornadoes
Top Ten Extreme Weather Conditions: The extreme temperatures, precipitation, snowstorms, winds, and freezing occasions.
List of Different Extreme Weather Types: Resources for different extreme weather conditions, their explanations, and links to other resources.

Extreme Weather Events
With the increase in research of global warming and the subsequent increase in knowledge on climatic impacts the occurrence of extreme weather events is becoming more pronounced. These events have been occurring in the past decades however, each year these events increase in frequency, magnitude and duration. Below is a list of the more prominent extreme weather events that occurred in the year 2010.

Nearly the entire northern hemisphere experienced massive heat waves in 2010.
Washing DC experienced extremely heavy snowfall.
The first half of the year had the hottest average global temperate since 1880.
Pakistan felt the force of extreme flooding while Russia dealt with the most intense heat wave in modern history.
2010 had the second highest number of storms in the Atlantic.
The Amazon River faced exceptional drought throughout the year.
Overall, events related to natural disasters killed over 250,000 people in the year 2010o.
Climate Risks: Lessons learnt from 2010’s extreme weather.
Extreme Weather Events: Extreme weather events in 2010.
Worldwide Weather and Climate Events: Various data related to extreme weather events.
2010 Year in Review: Extreme weather and climate events.
o2010 Extreme Weather: Deadliest year in a generation.

Extreme Weather Safety
Because it is next to impossible to determine what type of extreme weather will hit any locality and whether it will be wind, snow, or rain related it can be difficult to prepare oneself for extreme weather. However, knowing some basic steps in these unpredictable times can prevent people from injuries or worse.
Heat Safety

  • Try to complete errands and chores either in the morning or evening. Avoid going out during peak heat hours.
  • If going out in the heat, remember that exposing skin may seem like a good way to stay cool but is actually harmful. Wear light, breathable fabrics and cover all exposed skin. Keep your head and the back of your neck covered.
  • Use protective sunscreen even for going out for short periods.
  • Drink lots of liquids to stay hydrated.
  • Know the warning signs of exhaustion related to heat including muscle cramps, headache, feeling tired, irregular pulse rate, and disorientation.

Cold Safety

  • Keep all body parts covered and use synthetic clothing such as wool or polyester. These will keep you warmer than pure cotton.
  • Wear multiple layers of clothing to keep yourself warm.
  • Be careful of the wind factor, it can make actual temperatures a lot worse.
  • Know the warning signs of hypothermia including shivering, slurred speech, disorientation, slow pulse, pale or bluish skin and be close enough to shelter incase these occur.

Wind Safety

  • Keep in mind that wind can cause debris to move at lethal speeds. If in an extreme weather situation where wind is going to play a significant role, try to board up windows and stay away from objects that may fall.
  • Wind also changes the actual temperature both in case of heat and cold.
  • Try to stay indoors until wind speeds become safe. If you are outside, keep your center of gravity low by crouching down.

Workplace Safety: Extreme weather safety for offices and workplaces.
Weather Safety: A guideline for preteens and weather safety.
Severe Weather Safety Tips: Safety tips for tornadoes, lightening, flash floods, and hurricanes.
Severe Weather Safety Guide: Safety guide to multiple types of extreme weather.

Resources
Extreme Weather and Climate Events: Extreme weather in the United States and around the world.
The Origins of Extreme Weather: Details of the different kinds of extreme weather.
A Close Up of Extreme Weather: Resources targets specifically for kids.
Natural Disasters and Severe Weather: Health effects of natural disasters.
Weather and Climate: Research and information sites.
Extreme Weather: Tornadoes
Transport Services: Road transport sensitivities to weather and climate change in Australia.
Impacts of Extreme Weather: (.pdf file) Impact of extreme weather and climate change on coastal recreation and safety.
Global Death Toll from Extreme Weather Events Declining: A primer on the global death toll from extreme weather events.